Nanotechnology in Agriculture System 0 66

By: Chantal D.

Sources:  Agronomy

Agriculture is the backbone of most of the developing countries in which a major part of their income comes from agriculture sector and more than half of their population depends on it for their livelihood.  The current global population is nearly 7.7 billion with 50% living in Asia. A large proportion of those livings in developing countries face daily food shortages as a result of environmental impacts or political instability, while in the developed world there is a food surplus. For developing countries, the drive is to develop drought and pest-resistant crops which also maximize yield. In developed countries, the food industry is driven by consumer demand which is currently for the fresher and healthier food products.

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Specifically in agriculture, technical innovation is of importance with regard to addressing global challenges such s population growth, climate change and the limited availability of important plant nutrients such as phosphorus and potassium.

Nanotechnology has gained intense attention in the recent years due to its wide applications in several areas like medicine, medical drugs, catalysis, energy and materials. Those nanoparticles with small size to the large surface area (1-100nm) have several potential functions. These days, sustainable agriculture is needed. The development of nonchemical has appeared as promising agents for the plant growth, fertilizers and pesticides. In recent years, the use of Nano materials’ has been considered as the alternative solution to control pant pests including insects, fungi and weeds.

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Despite these potential advantages, the agricultural sector is still comparably marginal and has not yet made it to the market to any larger extent in comparison with other sectors of nanotechnology application.

Nanotechnology helps agricultural sciences and reduce environmental pollution of pesticides and chemical fertilizers by using the nano particles and nano capsules with the ability control or delayed delivery, absorption and more effective and environmentally friendly and production of nano -crystals  to increase the efficiency of pesticides for application of pesticides with lower dose.

In the agricultural sector, nanotech research and development is likely to facilitate and frame the next stage of development of genetically modified crops, animal products inputs, chemical pesticides and precision farming techniques. The use of nanotechnology in agriculture has been mostly theoretical but it has begun and will continue to have a significant effect in the main areas of the food industry development of new functional materials, product development and design of methods and instrumentation for food safety and bio-security.

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Changing Perception of Women in the Workplace 0 115

By: Cameron Blake

Source: The Changing Role of Women in Business

 

A worldwide change in gender perception puts more and more expectations on women; hence inter alia the role of women in business undergoes continuous progress. It is currently a popular issue touched on by society and aims to change the perspective of professionally successful women. This topic is extremely interesting considering the fact that more and more women have been promoted to executive roles in the business sector.

The status of women, especially in European countries, in the United States, and in some countries in Asia has improved considerably in the last 50 years. Women nowadays possess unlimited access to education and training that continuously develops, providing many women with the necessary qualifications to aspire to jobs in senior management. No longer are women associated with low expectations and qualifications, in terms of both education and the workforce positions.

There is no doubt that significant progress has been achieved in strengthening gender equality in the labor market over recent decades. Women have been moving steadily into occupations, professions and managerial jobs previously reserved only for men.

What is more, women now seek and obtain the highest leadership roles in education, government and business.

Women’s advancement in management career is influenced by personality factors and, organizational factors. These are also various societal and institutional factors that contribute to encourage employees to hire women instead of men. It is important to keep in mind that there are important institutional differences between countries, notably regarding their educational and academic systems.

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Go Nuts in Kajugama 0 246

Cashew-in-Sri-Lanka

By: Savannah Audrey
As you drive along the Colombo-Kandy road passing Nittambuwa, a few kilometers away, lies a street display: Kajugama. From a distance, you will spot the vibrant colors of the clothes of the female sellers (Kaju girls as they are fondly called). Kajugama is known for its beautiful girls in traditional dresses of cloth and jacket and long hair who will greet you with vibrant smiles.

Cashew in Sri Lanka
It is said that the Portuguese sailors are the ones who introduced cashew to Sri Lanka. Cashew is something that no one can resist and is used in enhancing the flavor of various dishes. Kaju curry, a delicacy in Sri Lankan cuisine, is a must at most functions held in the country which serves rice and curry. It is not only tasty but is also loaded with vitamins, minerals and antioxidants.  Cashew cultivation involves a lot of risks. The shelling process is laborious and time consuming.

The cashew season in Sri Lanka begins in March and continues through April. Vendors in Kajugama get their nuts from Wariyapola, Wanathavillu, Wewagama, Giriulla, Kalpitiya, Puttalam, Ampara, Mahiyangana, Galgamuwa, Galewela, and villages in the Eastern Province.  The global cashew economy is booming and Sri Lanka has to compete with some of the largest cashew exporters in the world including Africa, Brazil, Vietnam, and neighboring India.
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